There is a significant amount of activity on the new Family Care Teams (FCTs), and I
wish to update you on the involvement of the NLMA, and in particular the development
of an “affiliation agreement” template that can be used by fee-for-service (and blended
capitation) practices to link up with the FCTs.
The Health Accord recommended a province-wide roll out of about 35 FCTs to cover
every part of the province and every citizen. Even before the Health Accord report, the
government had started to fund Collaborative Care Teams, which are now renamed
FCTs. All new teams will be FCTs.
The already established teams, mainly in St. John’s, have not yet integrated any
community-based family practices. Instead, new salaried FP positions were created in
the teams, some of which were filled by doctors from existing community-based
Parallel to the new teams, the government created a new registry of unattached patients
called Patient Connect NL. This registry is being used as a source of patients to be
attached to FPs and NPs within the FCTs. We understand that “complexity” of the
patient was initially used as a priority-setting criterion to be accepted into an FCT, but
now the criterion is “first come first served”.
One of the features of the new FCTs will be the addition of allied health care providers
to expand the range of professions working alongside physicians in the team model.
We do not have any data yet on the number of allied health providers who have been
The provincial government is in the final stages of preparing a provincial policy
framework for FCTs. The NLMA has reviewed and commented on this framework, but
at the current time we do not know the final content.
The Provincial Health Authority (PHA) Role:
The PHA, now known as Newfoundland and Labrador Health Services, has the
responsibility for implementing the FCT strategy and will hire the necessary
administrative and health professional staff, other than the personnel in FFS and
Blended Capitation practices. There may also be other private health care providers,
such as pharmacists and physiotherapists, who affiliate with the teams, but we do not
know the PHA’s specific plans in this regard.
The PHA will hire an FCT manager for each team, provide administrative support for
team operations, and will be the employer of the salaried health professionals.
Therefore, it will be the PHA, as represented by regional and local officials, who will
partner with community-based physician practices, to round out the full FCT.
The NLMA does not have any information on how the PHA intends to house its new team employees
in each region, whether in existing PHA facilities, new accommodations, arrangements with
community-based family practices. Family practices are not required to be co-located with PHA staff,
and in general will continue in their own existing offices. However, we expect opportunities will arise
within each team to discuss the best ways to encourage team-based collaboration.
To date, the PHA and the Family Practice Networks (FPNs), through their joint Collaborative Services
Committees (CSCs), have held reasonably detailed discussions about how FCTs within specific
regions can collaborate. The FPNs have done an excellent job bringing physician perspectives to the
The Potential benefits of FCTs:
The NLMA believes that the benefits for patients will be an incentive for family practices to join FCTs
and build genuine partnerships within these teams. Participation in an FCT should enable the patient
medical home to become realized in our province. An FCT should provide timely, comprehensive and
When participating in an FCT, a physician should be able to get what they need for patients quickly
and conveniently from the array of services provided within the team. Optimal patient care should be
available with the support of teams, allied health care providers, and PHA services for vulnerable and
FCT Governance and Affiliation Agreements:
The NLMA has focused most of its energy on the establishment of an “affiliation agreement” template
that can be used by family practices throughout the province when they decide to join an FCT. The
affiliation of family practices with the rest of the FCT will finally enable the hundreds of thousands of
patients that are attached to these practices to enjoy the benefits of team-based care.
As the affiliation process begins, physicians will have the opportunity to be involved in governance
and have meaningful influence in how the team partnerships operate. While the affiliation agreement
template is not yet finished, below are the goals being pursued by the NLMA. Note that these are
mainly governance and framework issues. The teams themselves, with physician participation, will
decide how to improve services for patients on the ground.
- Voluntary Entry and Exit – practices cannot be compelled to affiliate with an FCT, and once
affiliated they may exit the arrangement as well.
- Governance – to ensure a meaningful role for community-based practices in the governance
committee of each FCT, where consensus decisions are made about priorities, projects and
processes for serving the needs of all patients.
- Management and Administrative support for the Team – to recognize the role of the PHA in
providing this support for the functioning of the team [note this does not include management
or administrative support for family practices, which will continue to operate as separate
- Budget – while the budget for each team will ultimately be a decision of the PHA, the family
practices through the governance committee will have input on budget submissions.
- Expenses – ensure that any affiliated family practice that decides to participate in a team
project or process, and which incurs related expenses, will be reimbursed for these expenses,
including where appropriate for professional time.
- Projects and Initiatives – the types of joint projects and initiatives within teams is for the
governance committee to decide, but could include such topics as referrals of patients to allied
health providers, rotation of allied health providers to family practice sites, new services that
target special populations or services, data sharing to better understand the needs of the
whole region and the individual practices, quality improvement and change management
initiatives across the whole team, etc.
- FPN Role – recognize the role of the FPNs, in collaboration with the PHA through the CSC, in
the development of projects and initiatives that will support family physician integration into
these teams within a region.
- Practice Representatives – to ensure that communication between the team and each
practice flows through designated practice representatives, and that all health professionals
and employees of practices will be included in the general communications regarding team
priorities and projects.
- Rostering – to ensure that all patients in affiliated practices must be rostered (which is already
a requirement for blended capitation practices but will be new for FFS practices). It is important
for the affiliation process to work, so that each patient of a family physician will be entitled to
the broader services within an FCT, and this is signaled through rostering. The governance
committees will examine the most efficient means for practices to roster their patients.
- Autonomy and Partnership – while family practices will be encouraged to collaborate in joint
projects and services within FCTs, to improve access and quality, the FCTs will not control the
family practices. Community-based physicians will continue to have autonomy over their
number of patients, hours of practice, types of services provided, how they use virtual care,
and whether they employ or contract directly with other health care providers, etc. Over time,
the partnerships that develop within teams may bring about changes in the way physicians
practice, but it will be done through partnership and consensus.
While we are at the very beginning of this change in primary care, FCTs offer a major opportunity.
With genuine partnership between the PHA and family physicians, an enormous amount can be
accomplished. Of course, the FCTs are not the solution to the access problems in our system unless
we recruit more family doctors. This must remain an overriding preoccupation. Team-based care is
primarily a quality initiative, and can support improved access, but it will not succeed without parallel
success in recruitment and retention.
As always, we would appreciate feedback on the ideas in this letter. Please write to me at [email protected].